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stomatitis

stomatitis is a topic covered in the Taber's Medical Dictionary.

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(stō-mă-tīt′ĭs)

[stomato- + -itis]
Inflammation of the mouth (including the lips, tongue, and mucous membranes).


STOMATITIS As caused by herpes simplex virus; SEE: noma; SEE: thrush

ETIOLOGY
Stomatitis may be associated with viral infections, chemical irritation, radiation therapy, mouth breathing, paralysis of nerves supplying the oral area, chemotherapy that damages or destroys the mucous membranes, adverse reactions to other medicines, or acute sun damage to the lips. The nasal and oral mucosa are esp. vulnerable to trauma from dental appliances, nasal cannula, nasotracheal tubes, or catheters administering nutrients. These areas may also be damaged during surgery when an endotracheal tube is in place.

SYMPTOMS
Symptoms include oral pain, esp. when eating or drinking, bad breath, or difficulty in swallowing. Findings include oral ulcers, friability of the mucous membranes, swollen cervical lymph nodes, and sometimes fever.

PATIENT CARE
Treatment depends on the cause but is often symptomatic. The mucous membranes should be kept moist and clear of tenacious secretions. Care of the teeth and gingival tissues should be comprehensive and include flossing. The pain of stomatitis may be alleviated by systemic analgesics or application of anesthetic preparations to painful lesions. It is important for patients with dentures to clean their dentures thoroughly. Dentures should be removed from unconscious or stuporous patient.
SEE: toothbrushing


STOMATITIS As caused by herpes simplex virus

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Citation

Venes, Donald, editor. "Stomatitis." Taber's Medical Dictionary, 23rd ed., F.A. Davis Company, 2017. Taber's Online, www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/769788/all/stomatitis.
Stomatitis. In: Venes D, ed. Taber's Medical Dictionary. 23rd ed. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/769788/all/stomatitis. Accessed July 15, 2019.
Stomatitis. (2017). In Venes, D. (Ed.), Taber's Medical Dictionary. Available from https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/769788/all/stomatitis
Stomatitis [Internet]. In: Venes D, editors. Taber's Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. [cited 2019 July 15]. Available from: https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/769788/all/stomatitis.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - stomatitis ID - 769788 ED - Venes,Donald, BT - Taber's Medical Dictionary UR - https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/769788/all/stomatitis PB - F.A. Davis Company ET - 23 DB - Taber's Online DP - Unbound Medicine ER -