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neutrophil, neutrophile

neutrophil, neutrophile is a topic covered in the Taber's Medical Dictionary.

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(noo′trŏ-fil″, nū′ )

(-fīl″ )

[neutro- + -phile]
ABBR: NE A granular white blood cell (WBC), the most common type (55% to 70%) of WBC. Neutrophils are responsible for much of the body's protection against infection. They play a primary role in inflammation, are readily attracted to foreign antigens (chemotaxis), and destroy them by phagocytosis. Neutrophils killed during inflammation release destructive enzymes and toxic oxygen radicals that eradicate infectious microorganisms. An inadequate number of neutrophils (neutropenia) leaves the body at high risk for infection from many sources and requires protective precautions on the part of health care workers. Cancer patients receiving chemotherapy, which destroys leukocytes, must be carefully protected from infections during the course of therapy and until the bone marrow produces additional leukocytes.
As part of a severe inflammatory response or autoimmune disorder, neutrophils may begin attacking normal cells and cause tissue damage. This occurs in adult respiratory distress syndrome, inflammatory bowel disease, myocarditis, and rheumatoid arthritis. Corticosteroids are the most commonly used drugs to minimize the damage caused by severe inflammation.
SYN: SEE: neutrophilic leukocyte


NEUTROPHILS two segmented neutrophils; SEE: blood for illus.


NEUTROPHILS With ingested bacteria (orig. mag. ×1000)

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Citation

Venes, Donald, editor. "Neutrophil, Neutrophile." Taber's Medical Dictionary, 23rd ed., F.A. Davis Company, 2017. Taber's Online, www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/768677/all/neutrophil__neutrophile.
Neutrophil, neutrophile. In: Venes D, ed. Taber's Medical Dictionary. 23rd ed. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/768677/all/neutrophil__neutrophile. Accessed July 18, 2019.
Neutrophil, neutrophile. (2017). In Venes, D. (Ed.), Taber's Medical Dictionary. Available from https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/768677/all/neutrophil__neutrophile
Neutrophil, Neutrophile [Internet]. In: Venes D, editors. Taber's Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. [cited 2019 July 18]. Available from: https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/768677/all/neutrophil__neutrophile.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - neutrophil, neutrophile ID - 768677 ED - Venes,Donald, BT - Taber's Medical Dictionary UR - https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/768677/all/neutrophil__neutrophile PB - F.A. Davis Company ET - 23 DB - Taber's Online DP - Unbound Medicine ER -