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(-tēr′ē-ă) pl. bifidobacteria [bifid + bacterium] A genus of gram-positive, nonmotile anaerobic bacteria that live in the intestines and vagina. Two species are used clinically as probiotics. Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus species (such as B. longum, B. infantis, and L. acidophilus) are used clinically as probiotic bacteria, i.e., they contribute to human health. They have been used to treat antibiotic-associated diarrhea, irritable bowel syndrome, and inflammatory bowel diseases and are also used in dairies to produce fermented milks and yogurt. The use of antibiotics to treat infectious diseases may decrease the concentration of Bifidobacterium in the gastrointestinal tract, allowing disease-causing bacteria to multiply.
Bifidobacterium is a sample topic from the Taber's Medical Dictionary.
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Venes, Donald, editor. "Bifidobacterium." Taber's Medical Dictionary, 23rd ed., F.A. Davis Company, 2017. Taber's Online, www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/766454/all/bifidobacteria.
Bifidobacterium. In: Venes D, ed. Taber's Medical Dictionary. 23rd ed. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/766454/all/bifidobacteria. Accessed October 21, 2019.
Bifidobacterium. (2017). In Venes, D. (Ed.), Taber's Medical Dictionary. Available from https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/766454/all/bifidobacteria
Bifidobacterium [Internet]. In: Venes D, editors. Taber's Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. [cited 2019 October 21]. Available from: https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/766454/all/bifidobacteria.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC
T1 - Bifidobacterium
ID - 766454
ED - Venes,Donald,
BT - Taber's Medical Dictionary
UR - https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/766454/all/bifidobacteria
PB - F.A. Davis Company
ET - 23
DB - Taber's Online
DP - Unbound Medicine