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sugar

sugar is a topic covered in the Taber's Medical Dictionary.

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(shug′ăr)

[Ult. fr. Arabic sukkar via L. succarum]
A sweet-tasting, low-molecular-weight carbohydrate of the monosaccharide or disaccharide groups. Common sugars include fructose, glucose, lactose, maltose, sucrose, and xylose. Oral or parenteral administration of sugars can prevent hypoglycemia caused by insulin or oral hypoglycemic agents.

CLASSIFICATION
Sugars are classified in two ways: the number of atoms of simple sugars yielded on hydrolysis by a molecule of the given sugar and the number of carbon atoms in the molecules of the simple sugars so obtained. Therefore, glucose is a monosaccharide because it cannot be hydrolyzed to a simpler sugar; it is a hexose because it contains six carbon atoms per molecule. Sucrose is a disaccharide because on hydrolysis it yields two molecules, one of glucose and one of fructose.

SEE: carbohydrate

PATIENT CARE
The World Health Organization recommends that the consumption of refined sugars be limited to less than 10%, and preferably less than 5% of all daily calories.

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Citation

Venes, Donald, editor. "Sugar." Taber's Medical Dictionary, 23rd ed., F.A. Davis Company, 2017. Taber's Online, www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/765550/all/beet_sugar.
Sugar. In: Venes D, ed. Taber's Medical Dictionary. 23rd ed. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/765550/all/beet_sugar. Accessed June 27, 2019.
Sugar. (2017). In Venes, D. (Ed.), Taber's Medical Dictionary. Available from https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/765550/all/beet_sugar
Sugar [Internet]. In: Venes D, editors. Taber's Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. [cited 2019 June 27]. Available from: https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/765550/all/beet_sugar.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - sugar ID - 765550 ED - Venes,Donald, BT - Taber's Medical Dictionary UR - https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/765550/all/beet_sugar PB - F.A. Davis Company ET - 23 DB - Taber's Online DP - Unbound Medicine ER -