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[L. tortus, twisted + L. collum, neck] Stiff neck associated with muscle spasm, classically causing lateral flexion contracture of the cervical spine musculature. It may be congenital or acquired. The muscles affected are principally those supplied by the spinal accessory nerve. SYN: SEE: wryneck
ETIOLOGY The condition may be caused by scars, disease of cervical vertebrae, adenitis, tonsillitis, rheumatism, enlarged cervical glands, retropharyngeal abscess, or cerebellar tumors. It may be spasmodic (clonic) or permanent (tonic). The latter type may be due to Pott disease (tuberculosis of the spine).
Venes, Donald, editor. "Torticollis." Taber's Medical Dictionary, 23rd ed., F.A. Davis Company, 2017. Taber's Online, www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/761017/all/ocular_torticollis.
Torticollis. In: Venes D, ed. Taber's Medical Dictionary. 23rd ed. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/761017/all/ocular_torticollis. Accessed September 22, 2019.
Torticollis. (2017). In Venes, D. (Ed.), Taber's Medical Dictionary. Available from https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/761017/all/ocular_torticollis
Torticollis [Internet]. In: Venes D, editors. Taber's Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. [cited 2019 September 22]. Available from: https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/761017/all/ocular_torticollis.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC
T1 - torticollis
ID - 761017
ED - Venes,Donald,
BT - Taber's Medical Dictionary
UR - https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/761017/all/ocular_torticollis
PB - F.A. Davis Company
ET - 23
DB - Taber's Online
DP - Unbound Medicine