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Any of more than 100 small proteins produced and released by cells to affect the functioning of other cells. They provide signals to regulate immunological aspects of cell growth and function during both inflammation and specific immune response. Each cytokine is secreted by a specific cell in response to a specific stimulus. Cytokines produced by monocytes or macrophages and lymphocytes are called monokines and lymphokines, respectively. Cytokines include the interleukins, interferons, tumor necrosis factors, erythropoietin, and colony-stimulating factors. They act by changing the cells that produce them (autocrine effect) and altering other cells close to them (paracrine effect); a few affect cells systemically (endocrine effect). SEE: granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor; SEE: immune response; SEE: inflammation; SEE: interferon; SEE: interleukin; SEE: macrophage; SEE: tumor necrosis factor
Venes, Donald, editor. "Cytokine." Taber's Medical Dictionary, 23rd ed., F.A. Davis Company, 2017. Taber's Online, www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/758967/all/cytokine.
Cytokine. In: Venes D, ed. Taber's Medical Dictionary. 23rd ed. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/758967/all/cytokine. Accessed June 18, 2019.
Cytokine. (2017). In Venes, D. (Ed.), Taber's Medical Dictionary. Available from https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/758967/all/cytokine
Cytokine [Internet]. In: Venes D, editors. Taber's Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. [cited 2019 June 18]. Available from: https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/758967/all/cytokine.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC
T1 - cytokine
ID - 758967
ED - Venes,Donald,
BT - Taber's Medical Dictionary
UR - https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/758967/all/cytokine
PB - F.A. Davis Company
ET - 23
DB - Taber's Online
DP - Unbound Medicine