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(ef′ĕ-drĭn ) [Ephedra , a genus name + -ine] A synthetic sympathomimetic alkaloid originally obtained from species of Ephedra; first isolated in 1887. In ancient Chinese medicine it was used as a diaphoretic and antipyretic. Its action is similar to that of epinephrine. Its effects, although less powerful, are more prolonged, and it exerts action when given orally, whereas epinephrine is effective only by injection. Ephedrine dilates the bronchial muscles, contracts the nasal mucosa, and raises the blood pressure. It is used chiefly for its bronchodilating effect in asthma, and for its constricting effect on the nasal mucosa in hay fever.
INCOMPATIBILITY Calcium chloride, iodine, and tannic acid are incompatible with ephedrine.
Ephedrine and ephedra may produce hypertensive crises, myocardial ischemia, and cardiac rhythm disturbances.
Venes, Donald, editor. "Ephedrine." Taber's Medical Dictionary, 23rd ed., F.A. Davis Company, 2017. Taber's Online, www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/757278/all/ephedrine.
Ephedrine. In: Venes D, ed. Taber's Medical Dictionary. 23rd ed. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/757278/all/ephedrine. Accessed August 23, 2019.
Ephedrine. (2017). In Venes, D. (Ed.), Taber's Medical Dictionary. Available from https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/757278/all/ephedrine
Ephedrine [Internet]. In: Venes D, editors. Taber's Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. [cited 2019 August 23]. Available from: https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/757278/all/ephedrine.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC
T1 - ephedrine
ID - 757278
ED - Venes,Donald,
BT - Taber's Medical Dictionary
UR - https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/757278/all/ephedrine
PB - F.A. Davis Company
ET - 23
DB - Taber's Online
DP - Unbound Medicine