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[ankylo- + -sis] Immobility of a joint. The condition may be congenital (sometimes hereditary), or it may be the result of disease, trauma, surgery, or contractures resulting from immobility.
PATIENT CARE Contractures induced by immobility and resulting in ankylosis can be prevented by putting joints through their normal range of motion passively whenever they cannot be exercised actively. If a nonsurgical ankylosis is present, the joint is maintained in a functional position; splints are used for patients with spastic muscles; passive range-of-motion exercises to affected joints are initiated, and appropriate physical therapy is prescribed. Orthopedic intervention may be required. If an ankylosis is surgically created, the joint is immobilized until the bone has healed (usually in 6 to 12 weeks), and correct body alignment is maintained. SEE: ankylosing spondylitis
Venes, Donald, editor. "Ankylosis." Taber's Medical Dictionary, 23rd ed., F.A. Davis Company, 2017. Taber's Online, www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/753780/all/ligamentous_ankylosis.
Ankylosis. In: Venes D, ed. Taber's Medical Dictionary. 23rd ed. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/753780/all/ligamentous_ankylosis. Accessed September 20, 2019.
Ankylosis. (2017). In Venes, D. (Ed.), Taber's Medical Dictionary. Available from https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/753780/all/ligamentous_ankylosis
Ankylosis [Internet]. In: Venes D, editors. Taber's Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. [cited 2019 September 20]. Available from: https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/753780/all/ligamentous_ankylosis.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
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T1 - ankylosis
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ED - Venes,Donald,
BT - Taber's Medical Dictionary
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PB - F.A. Davis Company
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