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asphyxia

asphyxia is a topic covered in the Taber's Medical Dictionary.

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(ăs-fik′sē-ă)

[¹an- + Gr. sphyxis, pulse]
An insufficient intake of oxygen.
asphyxial (-sē-ăl), adj.

ETIOLOGY
Extrinsic causes include choking, toxic gases, exhaust gas (principally carbon monoxide), electric shock, drugs, anesthesia, trauma, crushing injuries of the chest, compression of the chest, injury of the respiratory nerves or centers, diminished environmental oxygenation, and drowning.

Intrinsic causes include hemorrhage into the lungs or pleural cavity, foreign bodies in the throat, swelling of the airways, diseases of the airways, ruptured aneurysm or abscess, edema of the lung, cardiac deficiency, tumors such as goiter, and pharyngeal and retropharyngeal abscesses. Other causes include paralysis of the respiratory center or of respiratory muscles, anesthesia, pneumothorax, narcotic drugs, electrocution, and child abuse.

SYMPTOMS
In general, symptoms range in severity from dyspnea, palpitations, and impairment of consciousness, to coma, seizures, permanent brain injury, and death.

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Citation

Venes, Donald, editor. "Asphyxia." Taber's Medical Dictionary, 23rd ed., F.A. Davis Company, 2017. Taber's Online, www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/745639/all/asphyxia.
Asphyxia. In: Venes D, ed. Taber's Medical Dictionary. 23rd ed. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/745639/all/asphyxia. Accessed May 23, 2019.
Asphyxia. (2017). In Venes, D. (Ed.), Taber's Medical Dictionary. Available from https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/745639/all/asphyxia
Asphyxia [Internet]. In: Venes D, editors. Taber's Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. [cited 2019 May 23]. Available from: https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/745639/all/asphyxia.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - asphyxia ID - 745639 ED - Venes,Donald, BT - Taber's Medical Dictionary UR - https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/745639/all/asphyxia PB - F.A. Davis Company ET - 23 DB - Taber's Online DP - Unbound Medicine ER -