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synapse

synapse is a topic covered in the Taber's Medical Dictionary.

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(sĭn′ăps)

[Gr. synapsis, point of contact]
The space between the junction of two neurons in a neural pathway, where the termination of the axon of one neuron comes into close proximity with the cell body or dendrites of another. The electrical impulse traveling along a presynaptic neuron to the end of its axon releases a chemical neurotransmitter that stimulates or inhibits an electrical impulse in the postsynaptic neuron; synaptic transmission is in one direction only. Synapses are susceptible to fatigue, offer a resistance to the passage of impulses, and are markedly susceptible to the effects of oxygen deficiency, anesthetics, and other agents, including therapeutic drugs and toxic chemicals.
SYN: SEE: synapsis (1)


SYNAPSE Axon terminal synapse



SYNAPSE Transmission at an excitatory synapse (arrow indicates direction of impulse)

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Citation

Venes, Donald, editor. "Synapse." Taber's Medical Dictionary, 23rd ed., F.A. Davis Company, 2017. Taber's Online, www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/740939/all/synapse.
Synapse. In: Venes D, ed. Taber's Medical Dictionary. 23rd ed. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/740939/all/synapse. Accessed June 18, 2019.
Synapse. (2017). In Venes, D. (Ed.), Taber's Medical Dictionary. Available from https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/740939/all/synapse
Synapse [Internet]. In: Venes D, editors. Taber's Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. [cited 2019 June 18]. Available from: https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/740939/all/synapse.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - synapse ID - 740939 ED - Venes,Donald, BT - Taber's Medical Dictionary UR - https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/740939/all/synapse PB - F.A. Davis Company ET - 23 DB - Taber's Online DP - Unbound Medicine ER -