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[Gr. synapsis, point of contact] The space between the junction of two neurons in a neural pathway, where the termination of the axon of one neuron comes into close proximity with the cell body or dendrites of another. The electrical impulse traveling along a presynaptic neuron to the end of its axon releases a chemical neurotransmitter that stimulates or inhibits an electrical impulse in the postsynaptic neuron; synaptic transmission is in one direction only. Synapses are susceptible to fatigue, offer a resistance to the passage of impulses, and are markedly susceptible to the effects of oxygen deficiency, anesthetics, and other agents, including therapeutic drugs and toxic chemicals. SYN: SEE: synapsis (1)
SYNAPSE Axon terminal synapse
SYNAPSE Transmission at an excitatory synapse (arrow indicates direction of impulse)
Venes, Donald, editor. "Synapse." Taber's Medical Dictionary, 23rd ed., F.A. Davis Company, 2017. Taber's Online, www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/740939/all/synapse.
Synapse. In: Venes D, ed. Taber's Medical Dictionary. 23rd ed. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/740939/all/synapse. Accessed March 18, 2019.
Synapse. (2017). In Venes, D. (Ed.), Taber's Medical Dictionary. Available from https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/740939/all/synapse
Synapse [Internet]. In: Venes D, editors. Taber's Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. [cited 2019 March 18]. Available from: https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/740939/all/synapse.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC
T1 - synapse
ID - 740939
ED - Venes,Donald,
BT - Taber's Medical Dictionary
UR - https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/740939/all/synapse
PB - F.A. Davis Company
ET - 23
DB - Taber's Online
DP - Unbound Medicine