melancholia is a topic covered in the Taber's Medical Dictionary.

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(mel″ăn-kō′lē-ă )

[L. melancholia fr. Gr. melankholia, black bile (the cause of sadness)]
Extreme depression, esp. when complicated by frequent crying, anhedonia, and fearfulness. There may be agitation or retardation, loss or gain of weight, anorexia, and insomnia. Symptoms may be worse in the morning.

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