soap is a topic covered in the Taber's Medical Dictionary.

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A cleansing chemical compound formed by an alkali acting on a fatty acid such as stearic acid to form sodium stearate, NaC18H35O2. Castile soap is made by saponifying olive oil with sodium hydroxide and contains mainly sodium oleate, NaC18H33O2.
SEE: detergent; SEE: saponification

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