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[L. periosteum, periosteon, fr. Gr. periosteon, surrounding the bone] The fibrous membrane that forms the covering of bones except at their articular surfaces. It consists of a dense external layer containing numerous blood vessels and an inner layer of connective tissue cells that function as osteoblasts when the bone is injured and also participate in new bone formation. Periosteum serves as a supporting structure for blood vessels nourishing bone and for attachment of tendons and ligaments.
PERIOSTEUM A direct blow to the periosteum may cause a local bony bridge to form across the growth plate, retarding subsequent bone growth.
Venes, Donald, editor. "Periosteum." Taber's Medical Dictionary, 23rd ed., F.A. Davis Company, 2017. Taber's Online, www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/730284/all/periosteum.
Periosteum. In: Venes D, ed. Taber's Medical Dictionary. 23rd ed. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/730284/all/periosteum. Accessed June 19, 2019.
Periosteum. (2017). In Venes, D. (Ed.), Taber's Medical Dictionary. Available from https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/730284/all/periosteum
Periosteum [Internet]. In: Venes D, editors. Taber's Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. [cited 2019 June 19]. Available from: https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/730284/all/periosteum.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC
T1 - periosteum
ID - 730284
ED - Venes,Donald,
BT - Taber's Medical Dictionary
UR - https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/730284/all/periosteum
PB - F.A. Davis Company
ET - 23
DB - Taber's Online
DP - Unbound Medicine