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Word of the Day

speech

(spēch)


1. The oral expression of one's thoughts.
2. The utterance of articulate words or sounds.
3. The words spoken for communication.
Any of several methods of speech used by patients who have had their larynx removed. These methods include esophageal speech, tracheoesophageal puncture, or speech enhanced by an electrolarynx. SEE: aphonia Defective speech due to muscular incoordination, usually the result of cerebellar disorder. SEE: Scamping speech. Communicating using both lip reading and manual gestures made near the mouth. It is used to help the hearing impaired to clarify the difference between words that are otherwise easily misinterpreted during speech reading. SEE: Echolalia. In those who have had laryngectomies, the modulation by the pharynx, mouth, and tongue of air expelled from the esophagus to produce speech. Sudden, loud speech. Expression of thought by spoken or written words, and the understanding of spoken or written words of others.
SYN: exophasia The altered voice produced by inhaling helium and then speaking as the helium is exhaled. The very low density of the helium causes the alteration. The intelligibility of helium speech is important, esp. to deep-water divers who transmit and unscramble oral information using helium as a speech-enhancement medium. The silent process of thought and production of unuttered words. This function is essential to thinking that is done with words.
SYN: endophasia Speech into which gestures, ejaculatory sounds, and other nonverbal mannerisms are introduced. Speech characterized by reversing the order of syllables of a word. Speech in which air from the oropharynx enters the nasopharynx, usually resulting in abnormal resonance. Emission of air through the nose, weak pressure in articulating consonants, and attempts by the patient to stifle the abnormally spoken air column are also characteristic. SEE: paraphasia Speech characterized by omission of consonants or syllables when the person is unable to pronounce them.
SYN: clipped speech The pronunciation of words in syllables, or slowly and hesitatingly. Pauses between the syllables result in staccato-like speech. It is a symptom of certain diseases of the cerebellum and advanced multiple sclerosis.
SYN: staccato speech Slovenly articulation of sounds difficult to pronounce. SEE: Scanning speech. Nonfluent or halting speech, in which some nouns or verbs are uttered but other elements of normal sentence structure are replaced by pauses or gaps. This type of aphasia is a hallmark of Broca aphasia.RSS FEED

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